Rapid Urban Mass Transport Systems - The Nanjing Metro Line 1 and 2
First opened in 2004, the current 2 operational lines serve as Nanjing Metro lines. In total the metro covers 80km and plans are underway to finish additional line ahead of the Youth Olympic games in August 2014. 17 more lines will be done by 2030.
Nanjing, like many developed Chinese cities, boats of a robust metro service. The Nanjing Metro completed in 2005 currently has 2 fully functional lines and a third line due opening soon as the Nanjing Youth Games draw near. The daily ridership has been on the increase so the city government has solid plans to expand it to 17 lines by 2030.
The current track distance is 87km. 42km and 40.8km on line 1 and 2 respectively. Operation times are between 7.00AM to 11PM with some extensions of 30 depending on external factors. The metro line cuts through important sections of the city with stations at public parks, Museums, and Universities. Xinjiekou is the intersection of the 2 lines with run North/South and East/West. This busy station has an underground exchange centre and holds vast numbers of people especially during rush hours.
The metro is quite cheap to use and it costs 2 Yuan(Ksh.28) for every 8 stations travelled. There is also a Nanjing Transport Card which can be topped up with 100Yuan (Ksh.1,404) and will be swiped at entry points. Usage of this card attracts a 5% discount on all fares. An automatic Ticketing machine is used for those who don’t have the Transport Card. This machine accepts the 1, 5 and 10 Yuan Coin/Notes after which an IC Ticket is issued. This ticket is then swiped to gain access to the platform below. At the destination, the IC card is recycled to exit. Users of the Nanjing Transport Card however just swipe at entry and exit points. This same card is used for public buses and taxis, only in Nanjing.
Access to the Nanjing Metro is only via the many stations dotted along the line. The stations are almost equally spaced apart and are quite visible from a distance. Public maps will have the locations of the stations. Most stations are located below ground at the city center. However at the outskirts of Nanjing, most are above or at ground level. This is due to costs of land. Also the line will tend to be supported above ground. Escalators and staircase are used to access from whatever level. Elevators are also used. Upon entry passengers proceed to the automatic ticketing machines and purchase tickets. Those with Nanjing Transport Cards simply proceed straight to checking gates then swipe to access the platform. Some stations will have up to 3 floors below ground.
Safety is of high priority along the lines. Due to the high volumes of people especially at Xinjiekou, emergency systems are always on alert and police will always be seen taking rounds. Personal safety is also important. Unlike western systems, the Nanjing Metro has a protective closure which ensures no track access by passengers waiting for the metro. Only until the metro has arrived, thus the doors open and access is possible. Security guards are also there to ensure that the safety guidelines are followed to the latter. Nanjing Youth Olympics and Nanjing Metro.
Youth Olympics Games
This Year Nanjing City will host the prestigious Youth Olympics games in August. The city has laid up plans as the day approaches and one of the main aspects is transportation. Many attendees will use the metro and this will put a strain to the current system. The city management saw this coming and June will see the opening of a new line – Line 3 which will run across the Yangtze River. This new line will help ease the current situation on the road as well as the metro itself. Line 1 and 2 both pass through the Olympic stadium and so will play a crucial role in the ferrying of passengers to and fro.
References: Nanjing Govt Resource, Nanjing Metro